• Cassé, V., Chomette, O., Crevoisier, C., Gibert, F., Brožková, R., El Khatib, R., and Nahan, F.: Impact of Meteorological Uncertainties in the Methane Retrieval Ground Segment of the MERLIN Lidar Mission, Atmosphere, 13, 10.3390/atmos13030431, 2022


  • Livrozet, M., Gronloh, B., Faidel, H., Luttmann, J., and Hoffmann, D.: Optical and optomechanical design of the MERLIN laser optical bench, 2021.
  • Delahaye, T., Armante, R., Scott, N. A., Jacquinet-Husson, N., Chédin, A., Crépeau, L., Crevoisier, et al., The 2020 edition of the GEISA spectroscopic database, Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, 380, 10.1016/j.jms.2021.111510, 2021
  • Cassé, V., Armante, R., Bousquet, P., Chomette, O., Crevoisier, Cet al. .: Development and validation of an end‐to‐end simulator and gas concentration retrieval processor applied to the merlin lidar mission, Remote Sensing, 13, 10.3390/rs13142679, 2021,


  • Vasilchenko, S., Tran, H., Mondelain, D., Kassi, S., and Campargue, A.: Accurate absorption spectroscopy of water vapor near 1.64 µm in support of (MERLIN), Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 235, 332-342, 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2019.06.027, 2019
  • Nikolov, S., Wührer, C., Kühl, C., Bode, M., Hupfer, W., and Lucarelli, S.: MERLIN: design of an IPDA LIDAR instrument, CEAS Space Journal, 11, 437-457, 10.1007/s12567-019-00267-7, 2019,
  • Heinecke, D., Liebherr, T., Battles, D., Schleisiek, K., Fehrenbacher, D et al..: The absolute frequency reference unit for the spaceborne methane-sensing lidar mission MERLIN, CEAS Space Journal, 11, 459-473, 10.1007/s12567-019-00268-6, 2019,
  • Hamidouche, M., Lichtenberg, G., Aberle, B., and Trautmann, T.: A Space Borne Lidar Instrument for Methane: Instrument Monitoring and Quality Assurance, 7805-7808, 10.1109/IGARSS.2019.8898087, 2019
  • Delahaye, T., Ghysels, M., Hodges, J. T., Sung, K., Armante, R., and Tran, H.: Measurement and Modeling of Air-Broadened Methane Absorption in the MERLIN Spectral Region at Low Temperatures, JGR-A, 124, 3556-3564, 10.1029/2018JD028917, 2019,
  • Cassé, V., Gibert, F., Edouart, D., Chomette, O., and Crevoisier, C.: Optical energy variability induced by speckle: The cases of MERLIN and CHARM-F IPDA lidar, Atmosphere, 10, 10.3390/atmos10090540, 2019,


  • Wührer, C., Kühl, C., Lucarelli, S., and Bode, M.: Merlin: Overview of the design status of the lidar instrument, 2018.
  • Tellier, Y., Pierangelo, C., Wirth, M., Gibert, F., and Marnas, F.: Averaging bias correction for the future space-borne methane IPDA lidar mission MERLIN, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 11, 5865-5884, 10.5194/amt-11-5865-2018, 2018,
  • Tellier, Y., Pierangelo, C., Wirth, M., and Gibert, F.: Averaging Bias Correction for Future IPDA Lidar Mission MERLIN, 10.1051/epjconf/201817602020, 2018.
  • Schaefer, H., Heinecke, D., Liebherr, T., Battles, D., Schleisiek, K., Fehrenbacher, D., Herding, M., Baatzsch, A., Dahl, C., and Nicklaus, K.: An absolute frequency reference unit for space borne spectroscopy, 10.1007/s12567-019-00268-6, 2018.
  • Olivier, C., Armante, R., Crevoisier, C., Delahaye, T., Edouart, D., Gibert, F., Nahan, F., and Tellier, Y.: CH4 IPDA Lidar mission data simulator and processor for MERLIN: Prototype development at LMD/CNRS/Ecole Polytechnique, 10.1051/epjconf/201817602016, 2018.
  • Elsen, F., Livrozet, M., Strotkamp, M., et al. : Demonstration of a 100-mJ OPO/OPA for future lidar applications and laser-induced damage threshold testing of optical components for MERLIN, Optical Engineering, 57, 10.1117/1.OE.57.2.021205, 2018,
  • Bousquet, P., Pierangelo, C., Bacour, C., Marshall, J., Peylin, P., Ayar, P. V., Ehret, G., et al..: Error Budget of the MEthane Remote LIdar missioN and Its Impact on the Uncertainties of the Global Methane Budget, JGR-A,123, 11,766-711,785, 10.1029/2018JD028907, 2018
  • Amediek, A., Ehret, G., Fix, A., Wirth, M., Büdenbender, C., Quatrevalet, M., and Kiemle, C.: Performance of Charm-F – The airborne demonstrator for Merlin, 10.1051/epjconf/201817601002, 2018.


  • Stephan, C., Alpers, M., Millet, B., Ehret, G., and Flamant, P.: Methane Monitoring from Space an Overview on the MERLIN Instrument, 10.1117/12.2309021, 2017.
  • Luttmann, J., Klein, J., Plum, H. D., Hoffmann, H. D., Hahn, S., and Bode, M.: FULAS: Design and test results of a novel laser platform for future LIDAR missions, 10.1117/12.2256361, 2017.
  • Heinecke, D., Liebherr, T., Diekmann, C., Baatzsch, A., Herding, M., Taha, M., Birmuske, R., Wang, X., Battles, D., Dahl, K., Kiewe, B., Schleisiek, K., Beller, N., Schafer, H., and Nicklaus, K.: The absolute frequency reference unit for the methane-sensing lidar mission Merlin, 10.1117/12.2296087, 2017.
  • Ehret, G., Bousquet, P., Pierangelo, C., Alpers, M., Millet, B., Abshire, J. B., Bovensmann, H., Burrows, J. P., Chevallier, F., Ciais, P., et al. .: MERLIN: A French-German space lidar mission dedicated to atmospheric methane, Remote Sensing, 9, 10.3390/rs9101052, 2017
  • Cadiou, E., Dherbecourt, J. B., Gorju, G., Melkonian, J. M., Godard, A., Pelon, J., and Raybaut, M.: Direct detection range resolved carbon dioxide differential absorption lidar measurements in the 2 μm range, 10.1117/12.2262497, 2017.
  • Bode, M., Wührer, C., Alpers, M., Millet, B., Ehret, G., and Bousquet, P.: Merlin: An integrated path differential absorption (IPDA) lidar for global methane remote sensing, 10.1117/12.2296115, 2017.


  • Zéninari, V., Vallon, R., Parvitte, B., Delahaye, T., and Tran, H.: Line profile study of the R6 multicomponent of CH4 around 1.6 μm for the French-German climate mission MERLIN, 2016.
  • Strzepek, A., Esteve, F., Salas, S., Millet, B., and Darnes, H.: A training, operations and maintenance simulator (TOMS) made to serve the MERLIN mission, 2016.
  • Pierangelo, C., Millet, B., Esteve, F., Alpers, M., Ehret, G., Flamant, P., Berthier, S., Gibert, F., Chomette, O., Edouart, D., Deniel, C., Bousquet, P., and Chevallier, F.: MERLIN (Methane Remote Sensing Lidar Mission): An Overview, 2016.
  • Fix, A., Quatrevalet, M., Witschas, B., Wirth, M., Budenbender, C., Amediek, A., and Ehret, G.: Challenges and Solutions for Frequency and Energy References for Spaceborne and Airborne Integrated Path Differential Absorption Lidars, 2016.
  • Delahaye, T., Maxwell, S. E., Reed, Z. D., Lin, H., Hodges, J. T., Sung, K., Devi, V. M., Warneke, T., Spietz, P., and Tran, H.: Precise methane absorption measurements in the 1.64µm spectral region for the MERLIN mission, JGR, 121, 7360-7370, 10.1002/2016JD025024,2016

2011 – 2015

  • Fernandez, M. A., Guillois, G., Richard, Y., Latiri, A., Guillon, H., Artaud, G., Lafabrie, P., Robert, E., Loisel, C., Dudal, C., and Issler, J. L.: After rosetta & myriade, now a new generation of radio equipment for merlin & myriade evolutions, 2015, 3671-3680.
  • Elsen, F., Heinzig, M., Livrozet, M. J., Löhring, J., Wüppen, J., Büdenbender, C., Fix, A., Jungbluth, B., and Hoffmann, H. D.: Feasibility and performance study for a space-borne 1645 nm OPO for French-German satellite mission MERLIN, 2014.
  • Pasquier, H., Anadon, M. L., Charmeau, M. C., and Gelie, P.: A new ground system product line for CNES future missions relying on ISIS, 2013, 7890-7901.
  • Ehret, G., Flamant, P. H., Alpers, M., Millet, B., Stephan, C., and Crebassol, P.: The French-German climate mission MERLIN, 2013, 86-89.
  • Maliet, E., Koeck, C., Roche, C., Beaufume, E., Millet, B., and Bermudo, F.: Greenhouse gas monitoring missions from space, 2012, 3016-3020.
  • Stephan, C., Alpers, M., Millet, B., Ehret, G., Flamant, P., and Deniel, C.: MERLIN – A space-based methane monitor, 2011.
  • Klein, V., Freudling, M., Stuffler, T., Ehret, G., Alpers, M., Bode, M., Wührer, C., and Flamant, P.: The French-German climate mission MERLIN, 2011, 2677-2681.
  • Kiemle, C., Quatrevalet, M., Ehret, G., Amediek, A., Fix, A., and Wirth, M.: Sensitivity studies for a space-based methane lidar mission, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4, 2195-2211, 10.5194/amt-4-2195-2011, 2011,
  • Flamant, P. H., and Ehret, G.: Greenhouse gas monitoring by lidar in Space MERLIN initiative for Methane, 2011, 7-21.
  • Fix, A., Büdenbender, C., Wirth, M., Quatrevalet, M., Amediek, A., Kiemle, C., and Ehret, G.: Optical parametric oscillators and amplifiers for airborne and spaceborne active remote sensing of CO2 and CH4, 2011